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机械设计专 业术语 

青岛希尼尔 翻译咨询有限公司整理发布  2015-9-12 

       

阿基米德蜗 杆 Archimedes worm
安全系数 safety factor; factor of safety
安全载荷 safe load
凹面、凹度  concavity
扳手 wrench
板簧 flat leaf spring
半圆键 woodruff key
变形 deformation
摆杆 oscillating bar
摆动从动件  oscillating follower
摆动从动件 凸轮机构 cam with oscillating follower
摆动导杆机 构 oscillating guide-bar mechanism
摆线齿轮 cycloidal gear
摆线齿形 cycloidal tooth profile
摆线运动规 律 cycloidal motion
摆线针轮 cycloidal-pin wheel
包角 angle of contact
保持架 cage
背对背安装  back-to-back arrangement
背锥 back cone ; normal cone
背锥角 back angle
背锥距 back cone distance
比例尺 scale
比热容 specific heat capacity
闭式链 closed kinematic chain
闭链机构 closed chain mechanism
臂部 arm
变频器 frequency converters
变频调速 frequency control of motor speed
变速 speed change
变速齿轮 change gear ; change wheel
变位齿轮 modified gear
变位系数 modification coefficient
标准齿轮 standard gear
标准直齿轮  standard spur gear
表面质量系 数 superficial mass factor
表面传热系 数 surface coefficient of heat transfer
表面粗糙度  surface roughness
并联式组合  combination in parallel
并联机构 parallel mechanism
并联组合机 构 parallel combined mechanism
并行工程 concurrent engineering
并行设计 concurred design, CD
不平衡相位  phase angle of unbalance
不平衡 imbalance (or unbalance)
不平衡量 amount of unbalance
不完全齿轮 机构 intermittent gearing
波发生器 wave generator
波数 number of waves
补偿 compensation
参数化设计  parameterization design, PD
残余应力 residual stress
操纵及控制 装置 operation control device
槽轮 Geneva wheel
槽轮机构 Geneva mechanism ; Maltese cross
槽数 Geneva numerate
槽凸轮 groove cam
侧隙 backlash
差动轮系 differential gear train
差动螺旋机 构 differential screw mechanism
差速器 differential
常用机构 conventional mechanism; mechanism in common use
车床 lathe
承载量系数  bearing capacity factor
承载能力 bearing capacity
成对安装 paired mounting
尺寸系列 dimension series
齿槽 tooth space
齿槽宽 spacewidth
齿侧间隙 backlash
齿顶高 addendum
齿顶圆 addendum circle
齿根高 dedendum
齿根圆 dedendum circle
齿厚 tooth thickness
齿距 circular pitch
齿宽 face width
齿廓 tooth profile
齿廓曲线 tooth curve
齿轮 gear
齿轮变速箱  speed-changing gear boxes
齿轮齿条机 构 pinion and rack
齿轮插刀 pinion cutter; pinion-shaped shaper cutter
齿轮滚刀 hob ,hobbing cutter
齿轮机构 gear
齿轮轮坯 blank
齿轮传动系  pinion unit
齿轮联轴器  gear coupling
齿条传动 rack gear
齿数 tooth number
齿数比 gear ratio
齿条 rack
齿条插刀 rack cutter; rack-shaped shaper cutter
齿形链、无 声链 silent chain
齿形系数 form factor
齿式棘轮机 构 tooth ratchet mechanism
插齿机 gear shaper
重合点 coincident points
重合度 contact ratio
冲床 punch
传动比 transmission ratio, speed ratio
传动装置 gearing; transmission gear
传动系统 driven system
传动角 transmission angle
传动轴 transmission shaft
串联式组合  combination in series
串联式组合 机构 series combined mechanism
串级调速 cascade speed control
创新 innovation ; creation
创新设计 creation design
垂直载荷、 法向载荷 normal load
唇形橡胶密 封 lip rubber seal
磁流体轴承  magnetic fluid bearing
从动带轮 driven pulley
从动件 driven link, follower
从动件平底 宽度 width of flat-face
从动件停歇  follower dwell
从动件运动 规律 follower motion
从动轮 driven gear
粗线 bold line
粗牙螺纹 coarse thread
大齿轮 gear wheel
打包机 packer
打滑 slipping
带传动 belt driving
带轮 belt pulley
带式制动器  band brake
单列轴承 single row bearing
单向推力轴 承 single-direction thrust bearing
单万向联轴 节 single universal joint
单位矢量 unit vector
当量齿轮 equivalent spur gear; virtual gear
当量齿数 equivalent teeth number; virtual number of teeth
当量摩擦系 数 equivalent coefficient of friction
当量载荷 equivalent load
刀具 cutter
导数 derivative
倒角 chamfer
导热性 conduction of heat
导程 lead
导程角 lead angle
等加等减速 运动规律 parabolic motion; constant acceleration and deceleration motion
等速运动规 律 uniform motion; constant velocity motion
等径凸轮 conjugate yoke radial cam
等宽凸轮 constant-breadth cam
等效构件 equivalent link
等效力 equivalent force
等效力矩 equivalent moment of force
等效量 equivalent
等效质量 equivalent mass
等效转动惯 量 equivalent moment of inertia
等效动力学 模型 dynamically equivalent model
底座 chassis
低副 lower pair
点划线 chain dotted line
(疲劳)点 蚀 pitting
垫圈 gasket
垫片密封 gasket seal
碟形弹簧 belleville spring
顶隙 bottom clearance
定轴轮系 ordinary gear train; gear train with fixed axes
动力学 dynamics
动密封 kinematical seal
动能 dynamic energy
动力粘度 dynamic viscosity
动力润滑 dynamic lubrication
动平衡 dynamic balance
动平衡机 dynamic balancing machine
动态特性 dynamic characteristics
动态分析设 计 dynamic analysis design
动压力 dynamic reaction
动载荷 dynamic load
端面 transverse plane
端面参数 transverse parameters
端面齿距 transverse circular pitch
端面齿廓 transverse tooth profile
端面重合度  transverse contact ratio
端面模数 transverse module
端面压力角  transverse pressure angle
锻造 forge
对称循环应 力 symmetry circulating stress
对心滚子从 动件 radial (or in-line ) roller follower
对心直动从 动件 radial (or in-line ) translating follower
对心移动从 动件 radial reciprocating follower
对心曲柄滑 块机构 in-line slider-crank (or crank-slider) mechanism
多列轴承 multi-row bearing
多楔带 poly V-belt
多项式运动 规律 polynomial motion
多质量转子  rotor with several masses
惰轮 idle gear
额定寿命 rating life
额定载荷 load rating
II 级杆组 dyad
发生线 generating line
发生面 generating plane
法面 normal plane
法面参数 normal parameters
法面齿距 normal circular pitch
法面模数 normal module
法面压力角  normal pressure angle
法向齿距 normal pitch
法向齿廓 normal tooth profile
法向直廓蜗 杆 straight sided normal worm
法向力 normal force
反馈式组合  feedback combining
反向运动学  inverse ( or backward) kinematics
反转法 kinematic inversion
反正切 Arctan
范成法 generating cutting
仿形法 form cutting
方案设计、 概念设计 concept design, CD
防振装置 shockproof device
飞轮 flywheel
飞轮矩 moment of flywheel
非标准齿轮  nonstandard gear
非接触式密 封 non-contact seal
非周期性速 度波动 aperiodic speed fluctuation
非圆齿轮 non-circular gear
粉末合金 powder metallurgy
分度线 reference line; standard pitch line
分度圆 reference circle; standard (cutting) pitch circle
分度圆柱导 程角 lead angle at reference cylinder
分度圆柱螺 旋角 helix angle at reference cylinder
分母 denominator
分子 numerator
分度圆锥 reference cone; standard pitch cone
分析法 analytical method
封闭差动轮 系 planetary differential
复合铰链 compound hinge
复合式组合  compound combining
复合轮系 compound (or combined) gear train
复合平带 compound flat belt
复合应力 combined stress
复式螺旋机 构 Compound screw mechanism
复杂机构  complex mechanism
杆组 Assur group
干涉 interference
刚度系数 stiffness coefficient
刚轮 rigid circular spline
钢丝软轴 wire soft shaft
刚体导引机 构 body guidance mechanism
刚性冲击 rigid impulse (shock)
刚性转子 rigid rotor
刚性轴承 rigid bearing
刚性联轴器  rigid coupling
高度系列 height series
高速带 high speed belt
高副 higher pair
格拉晓夫定 理 Grashoff`s law
根切 undercutting
公称直径 nominal diameter
高度系列 height series
功 work
工况系数 application factor
工艺设计 technological design
工作循环图  working cycle diagram
工作机构 operation mechanism
工作载荷 external loads
工作空间 working space
工作应力 working stress
工作阻力 effective resistance
工作阻力矩  effective resistance moment
公法线 common normal line
公共约束 general constraint
公制齿轮 metric gears
功率 power
功能分析设 计 function analyses design
共轭齿廓 conjugate profiles
共轭凸轮 conjugate cam
构件 link
鼓风机 blower
固定构件 fixed link; frame
固体润滑剂  solid lubricant
关节型操作 器 jointed manipulator
惯性力 inertia force
惯性力矩 moment of inertia ,shaking moment
惯性力平衡  balance of shaking force
惯性力完全 平衡 full balance of shaking force
惯性力部分 平衡 partial balance of shaking force
惯性主矩 resultant moment of inertia
惯性主失 resultant vector of inertia
冠轮 crown gear
广义机构 generation mechanism
广义坐标 generalized coordinate
轨迹生成 path generation
轨迹发生器  path generator
滚刀 hob
滚道 raceway
滚动体 rolling element
滚动轴承 rolling bearing
滚动轴承代 号 rolling bearing identification code
滚针 needle roller
滚针轴承 needle roller bearing
滚子 roller
滚子轴承 roller bearing
滚子半径 radius of roller
滚子从动件  roller follower
滚子链 roller chain
滚子链联轴 器 double roller chain coupling
滚珠丝杆 ball screw
滚柱式单向 超越离合器 roller clutch
过度切割 undercutting
函数发生器  function generator
函数生成 function generation
含油轴承 oil bearing
耗油量 oil consumption
耗油量系数  oil consumption factor
赫兹公式 H. Hertz equation
合成弯矩 resultant bending moment
合力 resultant force
合力矩 resultant moment of force
黑箱 black box
横坐标 abscissa
互换性齿轮  interchangeable gears
花键 spline
滑键、导键  feather key
滑动轴承 sliding bearing
滑动率 sliding ratio
滑块 slider
环面蜗杆 toroid helicoids worm
环形弹簧 annular spring
缓冲装置 shocks; shock-absorber
灰铸铁 grey cast iron
回程 return
回转体平衡  balance of rotors
混合轮系  compound gear train
积分 integrate
机电一体化 系统设计 mechanical-electrical integration system design
机构 mechanism
机构分析 analysis of mechanism
机构平衡 balance of mechanism
机构学 mechanism
机构运动设 计 kinematic design of mechanism
机构运动简 图 kinematic sketch of mechanism
机构综合 synthesis of mechanism
机构组成 constitution of mechanism
机架 frame, fixed link
机架变换 kinematic inversion
机器 machine
机器人 robot
机器人操作 器 manipulator
机器人学 robotics
技术过程 technique process
技术经济评 价 technical and economic evaluation
技术系统 technique system
机械 machinery
机械创新设 计 mechanical creation design, MCD
机械系统设 计 mechanical system design, MSD
机械动力分 析 dynamic analysis of machinery
机械动力设 计 dynamic design of machinery
机械动力学  dynamics of machinery
机械的现代 设计 modern machine design
机械系统 mechanical system
机械利益 mechanical advantage
机械平衡 balance of machinery
机械手 manipulator
机械设计 machine design; mechanical design
机械特性 mechanical behavior
机械调速 mechanical speed governors
机械效率 mechanical efficiency
机械原理 theory of machines and mechanisms
机械运转不 均匀系数 coefficient of speed fluctuation
机械无级变 速 mechanical stepless speed changes
基础机构 fundamental mechanism
基本额定寿 命 basic rating life
基于实例设 计 case-based design,CBD
基圆 base circle
基圆半径 radius of base circle
基圆齿距 base pitch
基圆压力角  pressure angle of base circle
基圆柱 base cylinder
基圆锥 base cone
急回机构 quick-return mechanism
急回特性 quick-return characteristics
急回系数 advance-to return-time ratio
急回运动 quick-return motion
棘轮 ratchet
棘轮机构 ratchet mechanism
棘爪 pawl
极限位置 extreme (or limiting) position
极位夹角 crank angle between extreme (or limiting) positions
计算机辅助 设计 computer aided design, CAD
计算机辅助 制造 computer aided manufacturing, CAM
计算机集成 制造系统 computer integrated manufacturing system, CIMS
计算力矩 factored moment; calculation moment
计算弯矩 calculated bending moment
加权系数 weighting efficient
加速度 acceleration
加速度分析  acceleration analysis
加速度曲线  acceleration diagram
尖点 pointing; cusp
尖底从动件  knife-edge follower
间隙 backlash
间歇运动机 构 intermittent motion mechanism
减速比 reduction ratio
减速齿轮、 减速装置 reduction gear
减速器 speed reducer
减摩性 anti-friction quality
渐开螺旋面  involute helicoid
渐开线 involute
渐开线齿廓  involute profile
渐开线齿轮  involute gear
渐开线发生 线 generating line of involute
渐开线方程  involute equation
渐开线函数  involute function
渐开线蜗杆  involute worm
渐开线压力 角 pressure angle of involute
渐开线花键  involute spline
简谐运动 simple harmonic motion
键 key
键槽 keyway
交变应力 repeated stress
交变载荷 repeated fluctuating load
交叉带传动  cross-belt drive
交错轴斜齿 轮 crossed helical gears
胶合 scoring
角加速度 angular acceleration
角速度 angular velocity
角速比 angular velocity ratio
角接触球轴 承 angular contact ball bearing
角接触推力 轴承 angular contact thrust bearing
角接触向心 轴承 angular contact radial bearing
角接触轴承  angular contact bearing
铰链、枢纽  hinge
校正平面 correcting plane
接触应力 contact stress
接触式密封  contact seal
阶梯轴 multi-diameter shaft
结构 structure
结构设计 structural design
截面 section
节点 pitch point
节距 circular pitch; pitch of teeth
节线 pitch line
节圆 pitch circle
节圆齿厚 thickness on pitch circle
节圆直径 pitch diameter
节圆锥 pitch cone
节圆锥角 pitch cone angle
解析设计 analytical design
紧边 tight-side
紧固件 fastener
径节 diametral pitch
径向 radial direction
径向当量动 载荷 dynamic equivalent radial load
径向当量静 载荷 static equivalent radial load
径向基本额 定动载荷 basic dynamic radial load rating
径向基本额 定静载荷 basic static radial load tating
径向接触轴 承 radial contact bearing
径向平面 radial plane
径向游隙 radial internal clearance
径向载荷 radial load
径向载荷系 数 radial load factor
径向间隙 clearance
静力 static force
静平衡 static balance
静载荷 static load
静密封 static seal
局部自由度  passive degree of freedom
矩阵 matrix
矩形螺纹 square threaded form
锯齿形螺纹  buttress thread form
矩形牙嵌式 离合器 square-jaw positive-contact clutch
绝对尺寸系 数 absolute dimensional factor
绝对运动 absolute motion
绝对速度 absolute velocity
均衡装置 load balancing mechanism
抗压强度 compression strength
开口传动 open-belt drive
开式链 open kinematic chain
开链机构 open chain mechanism
可靠度 degree of reliability
可靠性 reliability
可靠性设计  reliability design, RD
空气弹簧 air spring
空间机构 spatial mechanism
空间连杆机 构 spatial linkage
空间凸轮机 构 spatial cam
空间运动副  spatial kinematic pair
空间运动链  spatial kinematic chain
空转 idle
宽度系列 width series
框图 block diagram
雷诺方程 Reynolds‘s equation
离心力 centrifugal force
离心应力 centrifugal stress
离合器 clutch
离心密封 centrifugal seal
理论廓线 pitch curve
理论啮合线  theoretical line of action
隶属度 membership
力 force
力多边形 force polygon
力封闭型凸 轮机构 force-drive (or force-closed) cam mechanism
力矩 moment
力平衡 equilibrium
力偶 couple
力偶矩 moment of couple
连杆 connecting rod, coupler
连杆机构 linkage
连杆曲线 coupler-curve
连心线 line of centers
链 chain
链传动装置  chain gearing
链轮 sprocket ; sprocket-wheel ; sprocket gear ; chain wheel
联组 V 带 tight-up V belt
联轴器 coupling ; shaft coupling
两维凸轮 two-dimensional cam
临界转速 critical speed
六杆机构 six-bar linkage
龙门刨床 double Haas planer
轮坯 blank
轮系 gear train
螺杆 screw
螺距 thread pitch
螺母 screw nut
螺旋锥齿轮  helical bevel gear
螺钉 screws
螺栓 bolts
螺纹导程 lead
螺纹效率 screw efficiency
螺旋传动 power screw
螺旋密封 spiral seal
螺纹 thread (of a screw)
螺旋副 helical pair
螺旋机构 screw mechanism
螺旋角 helix angle
螺旋线 helix ,helical line
绿色设计 green design ; design for environment
马耳他机构  Geneva wheel ; Geneva gear
马耳他十字  Maltese cross
脉动无级变 速 pulsating stepless speed changes
脉动循环应 力 fluctuating circulating stress
脉动载荷 fluctuating load
铆钉 rivet
迷宫密封 labyrinth seal
密封 seal
密封带 seal belt
密封胶 seal gum
密封元件 potted component
密封装置 sealing arrangement
面对面安装  face-to-face arrangement
面向产品生 命周期设计 design for product`s life cycle, DPLC
名义应力、 公称应力 nominal stress
模块化设计  modular design, MD
模块式传动 系统 modular system
模幅箱 morphology box
模糊集 fuzzy set
模糊评价 fuzzy evaluation
模数 module
摩擦 friction
摩擦角 friction angle
摩擦力 friction force
摩擦学设计  tribology design, TD
摩擦阻力 frictional resistance
摩擦力矩 friction moment
摩擦系数 coefficient of friction
摩擦圆 friction circle
磨损 abrasion ;wear; scratching
末端执行器  end-effector
目标函数 objective function
耐腐蚀性 corrosion resistance
耐磨性 wear resistance
挠性机构 mechanism with flexible elements
挠性转子 flexible rotor
内齿轮 internal gear
内齿圈 ring gear
内力 internal force
内圈 inner ring
能量 energy
能量指示图  viscosity
逆时针 counterclockwise (or anticlockwise)
啮出 engaging-out
啮合 engagement, mesh, gearing
啮合点 contact points
啮合角 working pressure angle
啮合线 line of action
啮合线长度  length of line of action
啮入 engaging-in
牛头刨床 shaper
凝固点 freezing point; solidifying point
扭转应力 torsion stress
扭矩 moment of torque
扭簧 helical torsion spring
诺模图 Nomogram
O 形密封圈密 封 O ring seal
盘形凸轮 disk cam
盘形转子 disk-like rotor
抛物线运动  parabolic motion
疲劳极限 fatigue limit
疲劳强度 fatigue strength
偏置式 offset
偏 ( 心 ) 距 offset distance
偏心率 eccentricity ratio
偏心质量 eccentric mass
偏距圆 offset circle
偏心盘 eccentric
偏置滚子从 动件  offset roller follower
偏置尖底从 动件  offset knife-edge follower
偏置曲柄滑 块机构 offset slider-crank mechanism
拼接 matching
评价与决策  evaluation and decision
频率 frequency
平带 flat belt
平带传动 flat belt driving
平底从动件  flat-face follower
平底宽度 face width
平分线 bisector
平均应力 average stress
平均中径 mean screw diameter
平均速度 average velocity
平衡 balance
平衡机 balancing machine
平衡品质 balancing quality
平衡平面 correcting plane
平衡质量 balancing mass
平衡重 counterweight
平衡转速 balancing speed
平面副 planar pair, flat pair
平面机构 planar mechanism
平面运动副  planar kinematic pair
平面连杆机 构 planar linkage
平面凸轮 planar cam
平面凸轮机 构 planar cam mechanism
平面轴斜齿 轮 parallel helical gears
普通平键 parallel key
其他常用机 构 other mechanism in common use
起动阶段 starting period
启动力矩 starting torque
气动机构 pneumatic mechanism
奇异位置 singular position
起始啮合点  initial contact , beginning of contact
气体轴承 gas bearing
千斤顶 jack
嵌入键 sunk key
强迫振动 forced vibration
切齿深度 depth of cut
曲柄 crank
曲柄存在条 件 Grashoff`s law
曲柄导杆机 构 crank shaper (guide-bar) mechanism
曲柄滑块机 构 slider-crank (or crank-slider) mechanism
曲柄摇杆机 构 crank-rocker mechanism
曲齿锥齿轮  spiral bevel gear
曲率 curvature
曲率半径 radius of curvature
曲面从动件※※※※  curved-shoe follower
曲线拼接 curve matching
曲线运动 curvilinear motion
曲轴 crank shaft
驱动力 driving force
驱动力矩 driving moment (torque)
全齿高 whole depth
权重集 weight sets
球 ball
球面滚子 convex roller
球轴承 ball bearing
球面副 spheric pair
球面渐开线  spherical involute
球面运动 spherical motion
球销副 sphere-pin pair
球坐标操作 器 polar coordinate manipulator
燃点 spontaneous ignition
热平衡 heat balance; thermal equilibrium
人字齿轮 herringbone gear
冗余自由度  redundant degree of freedom
柔轮 flexspline
柔性冲击 flexible impulse; soft shock
柔性制造系 统 flexible manufacturing system; FMS
柔性自动化  flexible automation
润滑油膜 lubricant film
润滑装置 lubrication device
润滑 lubrication
润滑剂 lubricant
三角形花键  serration spline
三角形螺纹  V thread screw
三维凸轮 three-dimensional cam
三心定理 Kennedy`s theorem
砂轮越程槽  grinding wheel groove
砂漏 hour-glass
少齿差行星 传动 planetary drive with small teeth difference
设计方法学  design methodology
设计变量 design variable
设计约束 design constraints
深沟球轴承  deep groove ball bearing
生产阻力 productive resistance
升程 rise
升距 lift
实际廓线 cam profile
十字滑块联 轴器 double slider coupling; Oldham‘s coupling
矢量 vector
输出功 output work
输出构件 output link
输出机构 output mechanism
输出力矩 output torque
输出轴 output shaft
输入构件 input link
数学模型 mathematic model
实际啮合线  actual line of action
双滑块机构  double-slider mechanism, ellipsograph
双曲柄机构  double crank mechanism
双曲面齿轮  hyperboloid gear
双头螺柱 studs
双万向联轴 节 constant-velocity (or double) universal joint
双摇杆机构  double rocker mechanism
双转块机构  Oldham coupling
双列轴承 double row bearing
双向推力轴 承 double-direction thrust bearing
松边 slack-side
顺时针 clockwise
瞬心 instantaneous center
死点 dead point
四杆机构 four-bar linkage
速度 velocity
速度不均匀 ( 波动 ) 系数 coefficient of speed fluctuation
速度波动 speed fluctuation
速度曲线 velocity diagram
速度瞬心 instantaneous center of velocity
塔轮 step pulley
踏板 pedal
台钳、虎钳  vice
太阳轮 sun gear
弹性滑动 elasticity sliding motion
弹性联轴器  elastic coupling ; flexible coupling
弹性套柱销 联轴器 rubber-cushioned sleeve bearing coupling
套筒 sleeve
梯形螺纹 acme thread form
特殊运动链  special kinematic chain
特性 characteristics
替代机构 equivalent mechanism
调节 modulation, regulation
调心滚子轴 承 self-aligning roller bearing
调心球轴承  self-aligning ball bearing
调心轴承 self-aligning bearing
调速 speed governing
调速电动机  adjustable speed motors
调速系统 speed control system
调压调速 variable voltage control
调速器 regulator, governor
铁磁流体密 封 ferrofluid seal
停车阶段 stopping phase
停歇 dwell
同步带 synchronous belt
同步带传动  synchronous belt drive
凸的,凸面 体 convex
凸轮 cam
凸轮倒置机 构 inverse cam mechanism
凸轮机构 cam , cam mechanism
凸轮廓线 cam profile
凸轮廓线绘 制 layout of cam profile
凸轮理论廓 线 pitch curve
凸缘联轴器  flange coupling
图册、图谱  atlas
图解法 graphical method
推程 rise
推力球轴承  thrust ball bearing
推力轴承 thrust bearing
退刀槽 tool withdrawal groove
退火 anneal
陀螺仪 gyroscope
V 带 V belt
外力 external force
外圈 outer ring
外形尺寸 boundary dimension
万向联轴器  Hooks coupling ; universal coupling
外齿轮 external gear
弯曲应力 beading stress
弯矩 bending moment
腕部 wrist
往复移动 reciprocating motion
往复式密封  reciprocating seal
网上设计 on-net design, OND
微动螺旋机 构 differential screw mechanism
位移 displacement
位移曲线 displacement diagram
位姿 pose , position and orientation
稳定运转阶 段 steady motion period
稳健设计 robust design
蜗杆 worm
蜗杆传动机 构 worm gearing
蜗杆头数 number of threads
蜗杆直径系 数 diametral quotient
蜗杆蜗轮机 构 worm and worm gear
蜗杆形凸轮 步进机构 worm cam interval mechanism
蜗杆旋向 hands of worm
蜗轮 worm gear
涡圈形盘簧  power spring
无级变速装※※※※ 置 stepless speed changes devices
无穷大 infinite
系杆 crank arm, planet carrier
现场平衡 field balancing
向心轴承 radial bearing
向心力 centrifugal force
相对速度 relative velocity
相对运动 relative motion
相对间隙 relative gap
象限 quadrant
橡皮泥 plasticine
细牙螺纹 fine threads
销 pin
消耗 consumption
小齿轮 pinion
小径 minor diameter
橡胶弹簧 balata spring
修正梯形加 速度运动规律 modified trapezoidal acceleration motion
修正正弦加 速度运动规律 modified sine acceleration motion
斜齿圆柱齿 轮 helical gear
斜键、钩头 楔键 taper key
泄漏 leakage
谐波齿轮 harmonic gear
谐波传动 harmonic driving
谐波发生器  harmonic generator
斜齿轮的当 量直齿轮 equivalent spur gear of the helical gear
心轴 spindle
行程速度变 化系数 coefficient of travel speed variation
行程速比系 数 advance-to return-time ratio
行星齿轮装 置 planetary transmission
行星轮 planet gear
行星轮变速 装置 planetary speed changing devices
行星轮系 planetary gear train
形封闭凸轮 机构 positive-drive (or form-closed) cam mechanism
虚拟现实 virtual reality
虚拟现实技 术 virtual reality technology, VRT
虚拟现实设 计 virtual reality design, VRD
虚约束 redundant (or passive) constraint
许用不平衡 量 allowable amount of unbalance
许用压力角  allowable pressure angle
许用应力 allowable stress; permissible stress
悬臂结构 cantilever structure
悬臂梁 cantilever beam
循环功率流  circulating power load
旋转力矩 running torque
旋转式密封  rotating seal
旋转运动 rotary motion
选型 type selection
压力 pressure
压力中心 center of pressure
压缩机 compressor
压应力 compressive stress
压力角 pressure angle
牙嵌式联轴 器 jaw (teeth) positive-contact coupling
雅可比矩阵  Jacobi matrix
摇杆 rocker
液力传动 hydrodynamic drive
液力耦合器  hydraulic couplers
液体弹簧 liquid spring
液压无级变 速 hydraulic stepless speed changes
液压机构 hydraulic mechanism
一般化运动 链 generalized kinematic chain
移动从动件  reciprocating follower
移动副 prismatic pair, sliding pair
移动关节 prismatic joint
移动凸轮 wedge cam
盈亏功 increment or decrement work
应力幅 stress amplitude
应力集中 stress concentration
应力集中系 数 factor of stress concentration
应力图 stress diagram
应力 — 应变图 stress-strain diagram
优化设计 optimal design
油杯 oil bottle
油壶 oil can
油沟密封 oily ditch seal
有害阻力 useless resistance
有益阻力 useful resistance
有效拉力 effective tension
有效圆周力  effective circle force
有害阻力 detrimental resistance
余弦加速度 运动 cosine acceleration (or simple harmonic) motion
预紧力 preload
原动机 primer mover
圆带 round belt
圆带传动 round belt drive
圆弧齿厚 circular thickness
圆弧圆柱蜗 杆 hollow flank worm
圆角半径 fillet radius
圆盘摩擦离 合器 disc friction clutch
圆盘制动器  disc brake
原动机 prime mover
原始机构 original mechanism
圆形齿轮 circular gear
圆柱滚子 cylindrical roller
圆柱滚子轴 承 cylindrical roller bearing
圆柱副 cylindric pair
圆柱式凸轮 步进运动机构 barrel (cylindric) cam
圆柱螺旋拉 伸弹簧 cylindroid helical-coil extension spring
圆柱螺旋扭 转弹簧 cylindroid helical-coil torsion spring
圆柱螺旋压 缩弹簧 cylindroid helical-coil compression spring
圆柱凸轮 cylindrical cam
圆柱蜗杆 cylindrical worm
圆柱坐标操 作器 cylindrical coordinate manipulator
圆锥螺旋扭 转弹簧 conoid helical-coil compression spring
圆锥滚子 tapered roller
圆锥滚子轴 承 tapered roller bearing
圆锥齿轮机 构 bevel gears
圆锥角 cone angle
原动件 driving link
约束 constraint
约束条件 constraint condition
约束反力 constraining force
跃度 jerk
跃度曲线 jerk diagram
运动倒置 kinematic inversion
运动方案设 计 kinematic precept design
运动分析 kinematic analysis
运动副 kinematic pair
运动构件 moving link
运动简图 kinematic sketch
运动链 kinematic chain
运动失真 undercutting
运动设计 kinematic design
运动周期 cycle of motion
运动综合 kinematic synthesis
运转不均匀 系数 coefficient of velocity fluctuation
运动粘度 kenematic viscosity
载荷 load
载荷 — 变形曲线 load—deformation curve
载荷 — 变形图 load—deformation diagram
窄 V 带 narrow V belt
毡圈密封 felt ring seal
展成法 generating
张紧力 tension
张紧轮 tension pulley
振动 vibration
振动力矩 shaking couple
振动频率 frequency of vibration
振幅 amplitude of vibration
正切机构 tangent mechanism
正向运动学※  direct (forward) kinematics
正弦机构 sine generator, scotch yoke
织布机 loom
正应力、法 向应力 normal stress
制动器 brake
直齿圆柱齿 轮 spur gear
直齿锥齿轮  straight bevel gear
直角三角形  right triangle
直角坐标操 作器 Cartesian coordinate manipulator
直径系数 diametral quotient
直径系列 diameter series
直廓环面蜗 杆 hindley worm
直线运动 linear motion
直轴 straight shaft
质量 mass
质心 center of mass
执行构件 executive link; working link
质径积 mass-radius product
智能化设计  intelligent design, ID
中间平面 mid-plane
中心距 center distance
中心距变动  center distance change
中心轮 central gear
中径 mean diameter
终止啮合点  final contact, end of contact
周节 pitch
周期性速度 波动 periodic speed fluctuation
周转轮系 epicyclic gear train
肘形机构 toggle mechanism
轴 shaft
轴承盖 bearing cup
轴承合金 bearing alloy
轴承座 bearing block
轴承高度 bearing height
轴承宽度 bearing width
轴承内径 bearing bore diameter
轴承寿命 bearing life
轴承套圈 bearing ring
轴承外径 bearing outside diameter
轴颈 journal
轴瓦、轴承 衬 bearing bush
轴端挡圈 shaft end ring
轴环 shaft collar
轴肩 shaft shoulder
轴角 shaft angle
轴向 axial direction
轴向齿廓 axial tooth profile
轴向当量动 载荷 dynamic equivalent axial load
轴向当量静 载荷 static equivalent axial load
轴向基本额 定动载荷 basic dynamic axial load rating
轴向基本额 定静载荷 basic static axial load rating
轴向接触轴 承 axial contact bearing
轴向平面 axial plane
轴向游隙 axial internal clearance
轴向载荷 axial load
轴向载荷系 数 axial load factor
轴向分力 axial thrust load
主动件 driving link
主动齿轮 driving gear
主动带轮 driving pulley
转动导杆机 构 whitworth mechanism
转动副 revolute (turning) pair
转速 swiveling speed ; rotating speed
转动关节 revolute joint
转轴 revolving shaft
转子 rotor
转子平衡 balance of rotor
装配条件 assembly condition
锥齿轮 bevel gear
锥顶 common apex of cone
锥距 cone distance
锥轮 bevel pulley; bevel wheel
锥齿轮的当 量直齿轮 equivalent spur gear of the bevel gear
锥面包络圆 柱蜗杆 milled helicoids worm
准双曲面齿 轮  hypoid gear
子程序 subroutine
子机构 sub-mechanism
自动化 automation
自锁 self-locking
自锁条件 condition of self-locking
自由度 degree of freedom, mobility
总重合度 total contact ratio
总反力 resultant force
总效率 combined efficiency; overall efficiency
组成原理 theory of constitution
组合齿形 composite tooth form
组合安装 stack mounting
组合机构 combined mechanism
阻抗力 resistance
最大盈亏功  maximum difference work between plus and minus work
纵向重合度  overlap contact ratio
纵坐标 ordinate
组合机构 combined mechanism
最少齿数 minimum teeth number
最小向径 minimum radius
作用力 applied force
坐标系 coordinate frame

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