released a statement on Wednesday on the illegal entry of Indian troops
in Chinese territory, vowing to take all necessary measures to protect
its legitimate and lawful rights and interests.
Experts said the Chinese foreign ministry statement indicates an
escalation of tensions, warning that military conflict is one step
"The China-Bhutan boundary issue is one between China and Bhutan. It has
nothing to do with India," according to a statement the ministry
released on Wednesday entitled "The Facts and China’s Position
Concerning the Indian Border Troops’ Crossing of the China-India
Boundary in the Sikkim Sector into the Chinese Territory."
As a third party, India has no right to interfere in boundary talks
between China and Bhutan, not to mention making territorial claims on
Bhutan’s behalf, it read.
Foreign ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang said Wednesday that China
released the document to "lay out the facts of the illegal trespass of
Indian border troops to the international community and give a full
account of the position of the Chinese government," the Xinhua News
"What India has done not only severely violates China’s territorial
sovereignty but also poses a grave challenge to regional peace and
stability and the international order, which will not be tolerated by
any sovereign state," Geng said.
"The foreign ministry document shows that the crisis on the China-India
border has reached a crucial moment," Zhao Gancheng, director of the
Center for Asia-Pacific Studies at the Shanghai Institute for
International Studies, told the Global Times on Wednesday.
The document has clarified China’s bottom lines as well as the current
situation. If Indian troops continue to stay in Chinese territory, the
defense ministry may issue a warning next time, and then a military
conflict would just be around the corner, Zhao added.
The foreign ministry statement said that "since the incident began,
China has shown utmost goodwill and great restraint, and sought to
communicate with India through diplomatic channels to resolve the
incident. But no country should ever underestimate the resolve of the
Chinese government and people to defend China’s territorial
China will take all necessary measures to protect its legitimate and
lawful rights and interests. The incident took place on the Chinese side
of the delimited boundary, it said.
The ministry said that on June 16, 2017, the Chinese side was building a
road in the Donglang area. Two days later, over 270 armed Indian border
troops, accompanied by two bulldozers, crossed the boundary in the
Sikkim Sector at the Duo Ka La Pass and advanced more than 100 meters
into Chinese territory to block the construction on the Chinese side.
"The standoff has not been resolved because China and India see the
incident from different perspectives. China was building a road, but
India considers it a big threat to its national security," Zhao said.
"However, if the current political conflict leads to a military one,
China and India would face a very tough situation. Since people of both
countries are tremendously patriotic, even economic cooperation between
the two countries would be heavily affected," Zhao noted.
As of July, there were still over 40 Indian border troops and one
bulldozer illegally staying on Chinese territory, Xinhua reported.
"The longer the standoff lasts between China and India, the worse it
will be for India, and the situation could even affect the BRICS summit
in September," Hu Zhiyong, a research fellow at the Institute of
International Relations of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, told
the Global Times on Tuesday.