has announced a package of economic sanctions against Turkey over the
shooting down of a Russian jet on the Syrian border on Tuesday.
A decree signed by President Vladimir Putin (in Russian) covers
imports from Turkey, the work of Turkish companies in Russia and any
Turkish nationals working for Russian companies.
The decree also calls for an end to charter flights between the
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has refused to apologise to
On Friday, he accused Moscow of "playing with fire" in its Syria
operations. But on Saturday, he said he was "saddened" by the downing of
Turkey and Russia have important economic links. Russia is Turkey’s
second-largest trading partner, while more than three million Russian
tourists visited Turkey last year.
Mr Putin’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Saturday that there were
close to 90,000 Turkish nationals working in Russia. Taking family
members into account, that figure rises to 200,000, he said.
The decree also urges Russian tour operators to refrain from selling
packages to Turkey, while Turkey’s Foreign Ministry has warned its
citizens against non-essential travel to Russia "until the situation
How sanctions might affect Moscow shoppers
In fact, shoppers have already been affected.
Earlier this week, Russia’s agriculture minister said that around 15%
of Turkish produce did not meet Russian safety standards. Some imports
were blocked, and trucks stranded at borders.
The new sanctions will mean some imports will be stopped - but it is
not yet clear.
Turkey has exported food and agricultural produce worth over 1bn Euros
(702m pounds) to Russia already this year, and Russia says 20% of its
vegetable imports come from Turkey.
Turkey’s Anadolu Agency says exports of leather, textiles and clothes
to Russia were worth more than 1.52bn dollars (1bn pounds) last year.