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全球经济衰 退 出境务工人 员减少(中英双语)

青岛希尼尔 翻译咨询有限公司(www.)整理发布   2016-02-28

  

青岛希尼尔翻译公司( www.)2016年2月28日了解到:The global economic slowdown and improved personal incomes at home have led to a decline in the need and supply for Chinese workers overseas.
  全球经济衰 退,以及国内个人收入的提高,导致今年出境工作的供需都有所下降。
  "We had about 10,000 Chinese workers in Africa from 2011 to 2014, but the number has now declined to around 1,000," said Cui Hao, deputy general manager of the Overseas Engineering Company of China Tiesiju Civil Engineering Group.
  中铁四 局集团海外工程分公司副总经理崔浩说,“2011年到2014年,大约有 10000名中国工人 到非洲工作,但现在人数已下降到1000人左右。” 
  Headquartered in Hefei, Anhui province, CTCE Group is a major player in the construction sector overseas, especially in Africa.
  总部在 安徽省合肥市的中铁四局集团是海外建设领域的主要参与者,特别是在非洲。
  Cui said one of the major causes for the drop is the completion of its social welfare housing project in Angola last year. The project, with a contract value of more than $2.1 billion, provided jobs to more than 8,000 Chinese laborers.
  崔浩说 ,人数下降的主要原因之一是安哥拉社会福利房项目在去年竣工。该项目的合同价值超过21亿美元,为 8000多名中国劳 工提供了就业机会。
  "Recently acquired projects on the continent are mainly the construction of roads and railways, which rely more on machines than humans," said Cui.
  他说, “最近在非洲取得的项目主要是公路和铁路建设,这些项目更多地依赖于机器完成。”
  The drop in exported labor was also witnessed by Hefei’s Feidong county, which has been the largest source of overseas workers in the province for decades.
  合肥的 肥东县也见证了劳动力输出人数的下降。它是安徽省几十年来最大的出国劳工输出地。
  "In 2012, at the peak, the county saw as many as 15,000 migrant workers overseas, but the number dropped to around 13,000 last year," said Guan Shaohua, deputy director of the bureau of commerce in Feidong, which has a population of about 1 million.
  肥东县 人口约有100万,据商务 局副局长关韶华介绍,“在2012年的高峰时 期,肥东县有多达15000名农民工出 国务工,但去年人数就下降到了13000人左右。” 
  "About 80 percent of the workers are employed in the construction sector."
  “80%的人出国务 工人员都在建设行业工作。”
  According to Guan, the county’s overseas workers earned about 1.5 billion yuan ($229 million) last year, and are one of the major buyers of local apartments.
  据关局 长称,该县的海外工人去年共赚了约15亿元(2.29亿美元), 他们是当地买房的主力军。
  Cui said the number of CTCE Group’s Chinese employees in Africa is the lowest since the company’s large-scale entry into the continent in 2008.
  崔浩说 ,自中铁四局在2008年大规模进 入非洲以来,在非洲的中国员工人数是最少的。
  "Influenced by the global economic slowdown, many countries have been troubled with climbing unemployment rates. As a result, more and more of them have started to limit the employment of Chinese workers, which was not seen years ago," said Cui.
  他说, “受全球经济低迷的影响,有许多国家都被不断攀升的失业率所困扰。因此,越来越多的国家已经开始限制雇佣中国工人,这在多年前是不存在的。”
  A work visa for Angola has become harder to get, while Venezuela has ruled that companies need to hire at least nine local workers for each Chinese.
  安哥拉 的工作签证已很难办到,而委内瑞拉则规定,一个公司每雇佣一名中国工人,须同时雇佣至少九名当地工人。
  "Similar ratios are also required by some other countries," said Cui, whose company has been operating mainly in Africa, South America, Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
  崔浩说 ,“其他一些国家也有类似的比率要求。”他的公司主要在非洲,南美洲,东南亚和中东有业务。
  Li Mei’s husband has been working for a Chinese construction company in Singapore since 2011.
  李梅的 丈夫自2011年起就一直 在新加坡一家中国建筑公司工作。
  Though he earns about 100,000 yuan annually, he will come back next month for good.
  尽管年 薪十万,他下个月也将回国。
  "Domestic salaries are also climbing. Though he can still earn more overseas, he is just too far away and is not able to take care of me and our daughter," said Li, a 46-year-old resident of Baohe district in Hefei.
  这位合 肥市包河区46岁的老住户 李梅说,“国内的工资也在不断上涨。虽然他在国外仍然可以挣的更多,但太远了,无法照料到我和女儿。”
  Guan of the bureau of commerce said some workers from Feidong are now working in Japan and Singapore, which have better social security conditions, but these countries also tend to hire more workers from places such as Vietnam and Laos, "since people from there are often paid less".
  该县商 务局关局长说,肥东的一些工人现在在日本和新加坡工作,那里社会保障制度较为完善,不过,这些国家更倾向于从越南和老挝等地雇佣更多的工人,因为那里的劳工更便宜”。
  来源:China Daily 双语新闻


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