Dutch Safety Board is to publish a final report on why Malaysian
Airlines Flight MH17 broke up over Ukraine in 2014, killing all 298 on
Preliminary findings say it was hit by "high-energy objects from outside
the aircraft", fuelling speculation that a surface-to-air missile was
The West and Ukraine say Russian-backed rebels brought down the Boeing
777, while Russia blames Ukraine. But the report will not say who was to
Russia is to issue its own report：The plane - flying from Amsterdam to
Kuala Lumpur - crashed in rebel-held eastern Ukraine on 17 July 2014 at
the height of the conflict between government troops and the pro-Russian
separatists.The victims included 196 Dutch nationals and 10 Britons.
The Dutch Safety Board is expected to present its findings first to the
victims' families and relatives and then to reporters at the Gilze-Rijen
military base in the Netherlands.The board will also show parts of the
aircraft that have been brought back from the rebel-held Donetsk region
The report will look at four key issues:1. what caused the plane to
disintegrate in mid-air 2. why it was flying over the conflict region 3.
why some relatives had to wait four days before receiving official
confirmation that their loved ones were on board 4. to what extent
passengers and crew were aware of what was happening in the final
However, the report will not directly address the issue of who was
responsible for the disaster.This is because the board does not have the
authority to apportion blame, under the rules governing international
flight crash investigations.A separate Dutch-led criminal investigation
is still going on. Its findings are expected to be published in several
Did they suffer? Anna Holligan, BBC News, The Hague——The Dutch Safety
Board might not provide a conclusive answer as to whether the crew and
passengers were conscious in those final moments.But the families hope
this technical aviation report will at least end the speculation about
what caused their deaths.
"Now, finally, we're getting answers from an organisation that can
verify what actually happened," says Evert Van Zijtveld - deputy
chairman of the MH17 Air Disaster Association, who lost his son,
daughter and parents-in-law on flight MH17."But we still need proof. If
they say our families felt something, we want evidence."
Prosecutors have suggested that the aircraft was most likely brought
down by a Russian-made Buk surface-to-air missile - which experts say
both Russian and Ukrainian armies possess.The government in Ukraine and
several Western officials have said the missile was brought from Russia
and launched from the rebel-held part of Ukraine.Russia denies the
accusations, saying the plane was shot down by either a surface-to-air
missile fired by Ukrainian forces or a Ukrainian fighter jet.The
Ukrainian government in Kiev rejects these claims as groundless.
In July, Russia vetoed a draft resolution at the UN Security Council to
set up an international tribunal into the MH17 air disaster.President
Vladimir Putin said at the time the establishment of such a tribunal
would be "premature" and "counter-productive".
Before the Dutch report is released on Tuesday, Russia's state arms
producer Almaz-Antey - which makes Buk missiles - is expected to
announce the results of its own investigation.
Senior Russian government officials have said the Dutch investigators
have not been co-operating with Russian experts."A series of facts
(about the shooting down) that were presented by Russia seem have not
been taken into consideration - for reasons that we do not understand,"
Dmitry Peskov, a spokesman for President Putin, said on Monday.