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 国际工程质 量保证措施翻译中英对照版

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4、工程质量 保证措施
4 Project Quality Assurance Measures
1质量保证措 施
1 Quality Assurance Measures
为保证优良的工程质量,必须从施工管理、质量管理、成品保护、数据管理等几个主面入手,并针对工程特点制定重点工序的质量保证措 施。
Ensuring excellent project quality should start with construction management, quality management, finished product protection, data management, etc. and quality assurance measures should be introduced for important working procedures according to the project characteristics.
1.1加强施工管 理
1.1 Strengthening Construction Management
建立完善质 保体系
A thorough quality assurance system should be established.
针对工程特 点和质量目标,由项目经理、执行经理、项目总工、专业工程师、质量工程师等组成自上而下建立一套完善的质量保证体系。
Based on the project characteristics and quality targets, a thorough quality assurance system comprising the project manager, the executive manager, the engineer in chief, professional engineers, quality engineers, etc. should be established from top to bottom.
1.2加强工程实 体质量管理
1.2 Strengthening Project Entity Quality Management
施工操作注 重工序的优化、工艺的改进和工序的标准化操作,通过不断探索,积累必要的管理和操作经验,提高工序的操作水平,确保操作质量。装修工程要在开始大面积操作前做出示范样板,统一操作要求,明确质量目标。
Construction operation should emphasize working procedure optimization, technological improvement, and standardized operation of working procedures. With unceasing exploration, necessary management and operation experience should be gained to improve the operation levels of working procedures and ensure operation quality. For fit-out works, demonstration models should be made before beginning large-area operation to unify operation requirements and define quality goals.
工程质量预 控
Project Quality Pre-control
① 培训
① Training
进行质量意 识的教育,增强全体员工的质量意识是创优的首要措施。工程开工前针对工程特点,由项目总工负责组织有关部门及人员编写本项目的质量意识教育计划。包括对质量方针、质量目标、创优计划、质量计划、技术法规、规程、工 艺、工法和质量验评标准的培训。通过教育提高各类管理人员的质量意识。
Giving the education of quality awareness and heightening the quality awareness among the staff is the primary measures to strive for excellence. Before the project is commenced, according to the project characteristics, the engineer in chief is responsible for organizing departments and personnel concerned to prepare the quality awareness education program for the project, including the training of quality policies, quality goals, excellence programs, quality plans, technical regulations, procedures, processes, construction methods, and quality acceptance and assessment criteria. The quality awareness of various management personnel is raised by education.
② 加强材料供 货商的选择和物资的进场管理
② Strengthening the section of material suppliers and the entry management of resources
对施工中模 板、混凝土材料、钢筋原材及成品、半成品的供货商的选择要采用全方位、多角度的方式进行,以产品质量优良、材料价格合理、施工成品质量优良为材料选择的标准。建立合格材料供货商档案库,从中定出信誉好的材料供货商 。
The suppliers of construction formwork, concrete material, reinforcement raw material, finished and semi-finished products should be selected in an all-round way from multiple perspectives. The standard for material selection should be good product quality, reasonable material prices, and excellent finished product quality. An archive of qualified material suppliers should be established to determine the suppliers with good reputation.
③ 加强对图纸 、规范的学习
③ Paying more effort to learn drawings and specifications
严格按规范 施工的工程才是优质工程,项目定期组织技术人员、现场施工管理人员以施工班组有关人员进行图纸和规范的学习,做到熟悉图纸和规范的要求,严格按图纸和规范施工,在熟悉图纸的过程中深刻理解设计意图,同时给图纸把关 ,找出图纸中存在的问题,把问题解决在准备阶段。
The project constructed in strict conformity with the specifications is an excellent project. The project regularly organizes the technicians, on-site construction management personnel, and construction crew members to learn the drawings and specifications, letting them familiar with the requirements of and carry out construction in accordance with the drawings and specifications. In this way, they can deepen their understanding of the design intent, and check on the drawings to find out problems in the drawings and solve the problems in preparation stage.
加强过程质 量的监控
Enhancing control of process quality
①以施工组 织设计和方案为龙头,建构创优的技术基础
① To build technical bases for creating excellence with the construction organization plan and scheme as the lead.
开工前,根 据施工特点,制定需要编制的施工组织设计和施工方案的清单,明确时间和责任人。施工组织设计和方案在定稿前都要召开专题讨论会,充分参考各方意见。
Before commencement, a list of the construction organization plan and the construction scheme to be devised should be prepared to define the time and the persons in charge. Before the final version of the construction organization plan and the construction scheme is determined, a symposium should be held to make full reference to the opinions of all parties.
②根据确定 的施工组织设计和方案,编制操作性、针对性强的技术交底,组织各方面人员对技术交底进行学习,严格要求按技术交底施工,严格按技术交底内容进行检查。
② Strongly operational and well-directed technical disclosure should be prepared based on the defined construction organization plan and construction scheme. Then personnel concerned are organized to study the technical disclosure so as to carry out construction and inspection in strict accordance with the technical disclosure.
1.3加强成品保 护
1.3 Enhancing Finished Product Protection
针对工程的 重点部位,编写详细的成品保护措施,责任落实到班组、到人。合理安排工序、减少工序穿插。
Detailed protective measures of finished products should be designed for key parts of the project, with responsibilities made to the crew and person. The working sequences should be reasonably arranged to reduce alternation.
1.4工程数据管 理
1.4 Engineering Data Management
项目部从前 期工作开始即要按高质量标准要求去安排数据的收集和整理,高标准严要求。
The project department should from the preliminary work start to arrange data gathering and sorting according to high quality standards.
①管理数据
① Data Management
主要包括工 程项目计划任务书、报建批准文件、工程主要的平面图、立面图、剖面图、施工合同书、反映工程概况并附文字说明的工程各部位照片、工程竣工验收数据、工程质量验收记录、工程概况和施工质量情况的文字数据等及成品保护 计划与实施情况
Mainly including the project task document, approval documents for construction application, main project plans, elevation views, cross-section views, construction contracts, pictures of project parts reflecting the project information with word explanation, project completion acceptance data, project quality acceptance records, the project overview, literal data of construction quality, and finished product protection plans and implementation.
②工程质量 保证数据
② Project Quality Assurance Data
主要包括产 品、原材料质量保证书的技术数据、设备安装的主要材料和设备应有质保书和复试报告等保证资料。
Mainly including the technical data of product and raw material quality guarantees, material materials for equipment, and guarantee data of quality certificates and retest reports of equipment.
③工程主要 技术数据
③ Main Project Technical Data
主要包括工程一般施工记录、图纸变更记录、设备安装记录、预检记录、隐蔽工程检查记录、施工试验记录、工程质量验收记录及开竣工报告等。
Mainly including the general construction records, drawing change records, equipment installation records, pre-check records, concealed works inspection records, construction test records, project quality acceptance records, and commencement and completion reports, etc.